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Psychiatry is a medical discipline that deals with mental problems and disorders. Modern medicine regards human as a biopsychosocial creature. Therefore, psychology is also an effective and decisive factor in every aspects of human being. Psychiatric disorders can be caused by genetic, environmental and personal factors. It affects interpersonal relations or professional success.

A- Psychiatric Disorders

1- Organic Mental Disorders

  • Delirium
  • Dementia and Amnestic Disorders
  • Cognitive and Mental Disorders Secondary to General Health Status

 2- Disorders Secondary to Substance Abuse

  • Alcohol, Tobacco, Cannabis, Heroin, LSD, Cocaine and Drug abuse-addiction
  • Psychiatric Disorders Related with or Accompanying to Substance Use.

 3- Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders

  • Schizophrenia
  • Schizoaffective Disorder
  • Paranoid Disorder
  • Other Psychotic Disorders

 4- Mood Disorders

  • Depression
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Dysthymia
  • Cyclothymia
  • Other Mood Disorders

 5- Anxiety Disorders

  • Panic (Attack) Disorder
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (Obsession Disorder)
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder
  • Phobic Disorder
  • Somatization Disorder
  • Body Dysmorphic Disorder

6- Somatoform Disorders

  • Somatization Disorder
  • Conversion Disorder
  • Pain Disorder

7- Eating Disorders

  • Anorexia Nervosa
  • Bulimia Nervosa
  • Other Eating Disorders

8- Sleep Disorders

  • Primary Insomnia
  • Disorders in Sleep Rhythm
  • Narcolepsy
  • Sleep Terror, Nightmare, Somnambulism (Sleep walking)

9- Impulse Control Disorders

  • Pathologic Gambling
  • Kleptomania
  • Trichotillomania
  • Pyromania
  • Intermittent Explosive Disorder

10- Personality Disorders

  • Cluster A (Schizoid, Paranoid, Schizotypal Personality Disorders)
  • Cluster B (Borderline, Antisocial, Histrionic Personality Disorders)
  • Cluster C (Avoidant, Dependent, Obsessive Personality Disorders

11- Adjustment Disorders

12- Sexual Disorders

  • Perversions
  • Sexual Identity Disorders

B- Other diseases and Psychiatry

Everyone’s mental structure is unique like a fingerprint. Therefore, reactions to life events may also vary from one person to the other. However, scientific studies have shown that psychiatric pictures can be seen, especially in chronic and disability-causing diseases. Some diseases and accompanying psychiatric disorders are summarized below:

  • Dementia: Depression, Anxiety Disorder, Atypical Psychosis
  • Parkinson: Depression, Anxiety Disorder
  • Epilepsy: Personality Changes, Depression, Psychotic Disorders
  • Stroke: Depression, Psychotic Disorders
  • Cardiac Diseases: Panic Attack, Depression, Personality Change
  • Diabetes: Adjustment Disorder Depression, Sexual Dysfunctions
  • Goiter Diseases: Depression, Bipolar Disorder, Anxiety Disorder.
  • COPD, Asthma: Depression, Panic Attack
  • Renal Failure: Depression, Delirium
  • Cancer: Depression, Age Reaction

On the other hand, some diseases such as Gastritis and Ulcer, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), Migraine, Asthma, Hives, Pruritus, Psoriasis, Fibromyalgia, and chronic pains can occur or be exacerbated by psychological factors. Consultation-Liasion Psychiatric service is provided for inpatients or outpatients of our hospital.

C- Psychotherapy

Contrary to common belief, psychiatrists do not just prescribe drugs. Psychotherapy is a treatment modality that aims understanding the internal world and social relations of the person. The types of psychotherapy, also called “talking therapy”, are sometimes employed alone or combined with medication treatments depending on the condition and the case. Presenting to psychiatry clinic of our hospital, all patients are assessed regarding psychotherapy. Psychotherapies can be categorized as follows:

  • Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy
  • Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy.
  • Family and Couple Therapy
  • Sex Therapy
  • Play Therapy
  • Group Therapy